All reference lists from reports on non randomized controlled trials have been

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 All reference lists from reports on non randomized controlled trials have been  Empty All reference lists from reports on non randomized controlled trials have been

Post  jy9202 on Wed Mar 05, 2014 4:58 am

H358 cells have been identified to be KRAS addicted cells during which abla tion of KRAS expression by shRNA interference outcomes in apoptosis induction. Inhibition of growth by EGFR siRNA has also been observed in KRAS mutant cell lines A549 and LK87. Our hypothesis is the fact that the robust reduction of EGFR induced by EGFR [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] distinct RNA interference, also induces a substantial depletion of GRB2 SOS complexes required to load GTP into nor mal or mutant KRAS and hence interferes with KRAS signaling. On the other hand, you will find other, non mutually exclu sive prospects. H358 cells were found to secrete elevated ranges in the EGFR ligand amphiregulin. Knocking down EGFR expression would interrupt the amphiregulin/EGFR beneficial feedback loop and this might induce apoptosis.

Thirdly, H358 cells had been discovered to possess a substantial [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] ErbB3 expression, and because EGFR hyperlinks to PI3K signaling via ErbB3, the PI3/AKT pathway may additionally be a significant source of malignant growth in these cells. The elimination of PI3K/ AKT signals by EGFR RNAi may then also cause apoptosis. Moreover, some others have reported observations that may level within the same direction since the current research, Sunaga et al. uncovered that cell survival just isn't a lot impacted by KRAS knockdown in KRAS mutant NSCLC cell lines and hypothesized that a feedback sig nal to EGFR and Akt leads to greater stimulation. An additional mechanism to the observed impact could possibly be an off target impact of erlotinib over the Janus kinase two.

Erlotinib was shown to decrease phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT 5 in EGFR unfavorable myelodysplastic [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] syndrome cell lines KG one and erlotinib can disrupt signaling of your JAK2/STAT five pathway. JAK2 is activated by mutant p53. Thus, a few of the survival pathways ema nating from EGFR bypass KRAS inside the cell line H358, along with the KRAS mutation is a lot more important for resis tance to proliferation and much less for apoptosis induction. Our and other individuals benefits recommend the presence of the KRAS mutation could render H358 cells dependent on EGFR sig naling and that EGFR can be a candidate therapeutic target in this kind of cancers. In the latest get the job done we have explored the effects of the near maximal elimination of EGFR utilizing siRNA.

Even though our experiments do pro vide an estimate of your relative oncogenic potency of the several EGFR mutations and downstream mutations, now we usually do not know regardless of whether it'll be attainable to attain very similar concentrations of a therapeutic equivalent of our siRNA in vivo and in patients and hence receive very similar efficacy. It can be inside that window of the maximal impact of EGFR inhibition that we now have to analyze the outcomes with TKI or cetuximab inhibition, that are strikingly different. The impact of TKI inhibition over the malignant phenotype is certainly the integration of many variables, the onco genic potency from the targeted receptor, the significance from the kinase activity to this oncogenic potency, the vari capable sensitivity of your receptor to kinase inhibitors and the relative potency of kinase inhibitors to shut down this enzymatic activity. The action of monoclonal anti bodies is all the more complex and much more hard to relate to the mutational status on the receptor.


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