The phosphoinositide 3 kinases really are a conserved family members of signal t

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The phosphoinositide 3 kinases really are a conserved family members of signal t Empty The phosphoinositide 3 kinases really are a conserved family members of signal t

Post  jy9202 on Thu Jun 26, 2014 9:20 am

Thus, in agreement with previous results from other cells where neurotensin stimulated ERK phosphorylation and DNA synthesis in a PKC dependent manner, our data indicate that neurotensin induced ERK phosphorylation in HCT116 cells is PKC dependent. Role of EGFR in Akt phosphorylation induced by neurotensin EGF induced purchase INNO-406 a marked phosphorylation of Akt in HCT116 cells, indicating activation of the phosphoinosi tide 3 kinase pathway. Neurotensin also stimulated phosphorylation of Akt, although not as strongly as EGF. The effect of neurotensin on Akt first appeared after 3 min, while ERK phosphor ylation was evident already at 1 min. Furthermore, unlike the data indicating a PKC mediated activation of ERK, neurotensin induced phosphorylation of Akt was not affected by inhibition of PKC and was not mimicked by TPA.

We next examined the ability of neurotensin to induce tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR in HCT116 cells. Fig ure 5A shows that treating the cells with neurotensin or EGF resulted in phosphorylation of the EGFR. Although the effect of neurotensin was clearly less than that of EGF, the phosphorylation induced by both these ago nists was blocked by pretreatment purchase Lapatinib with the EGFR tyro sine kinase inhibitor gefitinib. Moreover, we found that neurotensin stimulated phosphorylation of Shc, which is an adaptor protein that binds to, and is phosphorylated by, active RTKs. Taken together, these results suggest that the EGFR can be transactivated by neurotensin in HCT116 cells. Pretreatment with gefitinib strongly attenuated neuro tensin induced phosphorylation of Akt in HCT116 cells.

In these experiments, TGFa was used as the EGFR ligand, and the effect of TGFa on Akt phos phorylation was completely abolished by gefitinib. Neu rotensin also induced Akt phosphorylation in HT29 and Panc 1 cells. Whereas this effect was abol ished by pretreatment with gefitinib in HT29 cells, neither gefitinib nor the PKC inhibitor GF109203X inhibited neurotensin stimulated Lonafarnib 溶解度 Akt phos phorylation in Panc 1 cells. Neurotensin induced transactivation of the EGFR is partly mediated by shedding of extracellular ligands Evidence from many cell types indicates that transactiva tion of the EGFR induced by GPCRs may be mediated by the activation of cell surface proteinases, resulting in subsequent shedding of EGFR ligands, or by intra cellular mechanisms involving kinases such as Src and Pyk2.

To explore further the mechanism of the gefitinib sensitive Akt phosphorylation induced by neuro tensin, we examined the effect of cetuximab, an antibody which binds to the extracellular domain of the EGFR and thereby blocks the ability of ligand induced activation. As expected, EGF stimulated phosphorylation of both Shc and Akt was completely inhibited by cetuximab. Cetuximab pretreatment also blocked neurotensin stimulated Shc phosphorylation, suggesting the involve ment of a ligand dependent mechanism. Neurotensin induced phosphorylation of Akt was also inhibited by cetuximab, but only partially. We next pretreated the cells with GM6001, a broad spectrum inhibitor of matrix and metalloproteinases and a disintegrin and metallo proteinases.

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