After IgE and DNP HSA treatment, the vascular permeability increased to allow t

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 After IgE and DNP HSA treatment, the vascular permeability increased to allow t Empty After IgE and DNP HSA treatment, the vascular permeability increased to allow t

Post  huwan123456 on Wed Jul 02, 2014 7:40 am

In a recent phase II study, 16 patients with DSRCT who had had previous treatments were given 12 mg kg of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] the anti IGF 1R anti body ganitumab intravenously. Common side effects include fatigue, nausea, dyspnoea and peripheral oedema. PR was noted in one patient, whereas 10 had stable disease as their best response, with 3 achieving SD lasting 24 weeks. Median PFS was 19 months, indicating a potential role of ganitumab used either alone or in combination with chemotherapy for patients with DSRCT. In a phase I study of another anti IGF 1R antibody cixutumumab in combination with temsirolimus, two out of three patients with previously treated DSRCT had SD lasting longer than 5 months. Tumour specific antigens have also been studied as targets for immunotherapy, including the disialoganglio side GD2 and the antigen recognised by the antibody 8H9.

In particular, studies of anti GD2 antibodies have shown some promising results in the treatment of neuroblastoma. Another potential therapeutic target is the lysine specific demethylase 1, a key histone modifi cation enzyme involved in controlling gene expression which if dysregulated, could result [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] in tumourigenesis. It is found to be highly expressed in several highly malignant sarcomas including DSRCT. It could be inhibited by small molecule inhibitors and further investigation is warranted. Conclusions Advanced DSRCT is a rare, aggressive disease with invariably poor outcome that generally occurs in young men. It has a propensity to metastasise and at present, surgery, combination cytotoxic chemotherapy and radio therapy remain the only standard therapeutic options.

In our study, we found that patients with intra abdominal DSRCT have a poorer prognosis, although surgical resection for localised disease and radiotherapy, even in the metastatic setting for locoregional control, are associated with improved survival. Clearly more efforts are needed to improve [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] the progno sis of patients with DSRCT, and the development of novel targeted agents is likely to have a major role in altering the course of the disease. It is also hope that the International Rare Cancers Initiative, a multinational collaboration with the aim of developing clinical trials for uncommon malig nancies, will help to address this issue in the future. Mast cells play a pivotal role in IgE dependent allergic dis eases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma and anaphylaxis.

IgE antibodies and mast cells have been convincingly linked to the pathology of anaphylaxis. Aggregation of the high affinity IgE receptor on the surface of mast cell activates a cascade of signaling events leading to the degranulation and cytokine synthesis in mast cells. Mast cell exerts its effect on various IgE dependent or IgE independent immune responses not only through the release of degranules and cytokines but also through cell cell interaction. Moreover mast cell progenitors in the bone marrow can be induced by interleukin 3 to further proliferate and differentiate into bone marrow derived mast cells. Steroid receptor coactivator 3 is a member of p160 coactivator family that also includes SRC 1 and SRC 2, which interacts with nuclear receptors and other transcription factors to enhance their effects on target gene transcription.

huwan123456

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