We also evaluated the result of 5 Aza 2 deoxycy tidine, an

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 We also evaluated the result of 5 Aza 2 deoxycy tidine, an  Empty We also evaluated the result of 5 Aza 2 deoxycy tidine, an

Post  jy9202 on Sun Jan 04, 2015 9:12 am

We [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] discovered that DAC extra for two or much more instances followed by IDA resulted within the most synergistic exercise when compared to your other treatment approaches. A Phase I clinical trial of DAC just before regular induction chemotherapy for patients with AML also demonstrated that demethylation of genes handled with DAC prior to chemotherapy could possibly perform a important function in improving the anti leukemia result, indicating that sequentially combining DAC with anti leukemia medication could be a better strategy for the design and style of a clinical trial. In our study, treating with DAC before IDA presented a syn ergistic impact from the AML cells. And this combination regimen considerably inhibited the tumor growth and induced apoptosis in the xenograft mouse model.

These effects recommended [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] that DAC sequentially combined with IDA could increase the anti leukemia result each in vitro and in vivo. There are several molecular mechanisms and cell signaling pathways concerned in tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis. In seeking for the mechanism of syn ergy, we made use of microarray expression analysis to explore the connected pathways. Our results showed that the Wnt pathway was probably the most substantially per turbed pathways. It's been reported that the canonical Wnt pathway Wnt B catenin signaling plays an important purpose in survival, proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells, which ultimately contributes towards the pathogenesis of leukemia.

The Wnt B catenin signaling [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] pathway is surely an critical target in many leukemogenic pathways supporting self renewal, apoptosis induction and proliferation of AML cells. Distinctive molecular mechanisms have been implicated within the abnormal activation of the Wnt B catenin signaling. Activation of Wnt B catenin signaling leads to inhib ition of GSK 3B exercise, resulting in accumulation of cytoplasmic B catenin. This protein then gets obtainable to bind the TCF LEF family members of transcription components and subsequently induces target proteins ex pression such as c Myc and cyclin D1. It's also been reported that Wnt B catenin signaling re gulates c Myc mediated apoptosis, cytochrome c and caspase activation. Cyclin D1 is really a important regulator of cell fate, such as cellular senescence, apoptosis, proliferation and tumorigenesis.

The activation of the Wnt B catenin path way because of the loss of its antagonists is associated with gene promoter hypermethylation, which may very well be concerned within the pathogenesis and prognosis of leukemia. RT PCR, western blot, and IHC staining have been utilised to show the changes concerned from the Wnt B catenin pathway. B catenin and downstream genes, c Myc and cyclinD1, were downregulated in AML cells the two in vivo and in vitro when taken care of with the sequential combin ation of DAC and IDA in contrast with DAC and IDA alone. Moreover, Wnt antagonists SFRP1, HDPR1 and DKK3 have been methylated in three AML cell lines. Treat ment with DAC lets for the re expression of Wnt antagonists. However, DAC followed by IDA induces even even further enhanced expression of Wnt antagonists compared to DAC alone. It truly is also clear that DAC upre gulates the expression of numerous tumor inhibitors by means of demethylation of the gene promoter, leading to inhibition of cell proliferation.


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