gingivalis. Consequently, JNK activated by TNF could mediate

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 gingivalis. Consequently, JNK activated by TNF could mediate  Empty gingivalis. Consequently, JNK activated by TNF could mediate

Post  huwan123456 on Wed Jan 14, 2015 6:16 am

These cells had been initially derived from [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] hu man gingival carcinoma and phenotypically resemble gingival epithelial cells. Having said that, Ca9 22 cells may also express some cell surface receptors which have been distinct from endogenous gingival cells. Consequently our experimental method is representative of bacteria host interactions in vivo, but not a perfect model We've got small evidence about that in vivo and additional study is needed to make a ultimate conclusion regarding the physiological relevance of the phenomena. Ca9 22 cells expressed TNFR I but not TNFR II. We also ascertained the expression of TNFR II just after treatment method with TNF in Ca9 22 cells. Nevertheless, TNF didn't induce TNFR II expression in Ca9 22 cells. For that reason, we concluded the effects of TNF are mediated through TNFR I.

TNF activates caspases and induces apoptosis in cells. Having said that, C9 22 cells have been alive throughout the experimental periods even immediately after stimulation with TNF For that reason, we feel that the apoptotic activity of TNF in the direction of host cells isn't going to impact P. gingivalis invasion. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] ICAM one too as Rab5 was associated with TNF augmented P. gingivalis invasion. Ad hesion of P. gingivalis to host cells is multimodal and consists of the interaction of bacterial cell surface adhesins with receptors expressed over the surfaces of epithelial cells. Adhesion of P. gingivalis to host cells is mediated by lots of extracellular components, such as fimbriae, proteases, hemagglutinins, and lipopolysaccharides.

Amongst the large array of virulence things made by P. gingivalis, the most important fimbriae, at the same time as cysteine proteinases, contribute [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] to your attachment to and invasion of oral epithelial cells. On the other hand, integrins can act as receptors to the integrin binding proteins of numerous bacterial species. P. gingivalis also associates with B1 and 5B1 integrin het erodimers through FimA. VB3 integrin also mediates fimbriae adhesion to epithelial cells. Additionally, carbohydrate chains on epithelial cell membrane glycolipids have already been reported to act as receptors for P. gingivalis. It's been demonstrated that ICAM 1 is needed to the inva sion of P. gingivalis into human oral epithelial cells. A variety of cytokines together with TNF induce expression of ICAM one.

As a result, ICAM 1 expresion and P. gin givalis invasion in periodontal sites may very well be related with all the principal phases with the development and progression of persistent periodontitis. It's been demonstrated that a sizable number of intra cellular bacteria are present in IL six taken care of cells that have an raising volume of Rab5. These effects indicate that overexpression of Rab5 by cytokines may possibly market the fusion of bacteria containing phagosomes with early endosomes and therefore inhibit their transport to lysosomes and may aid in prolongation of bacterial survival in host cells and consequently set up a chronic infection that could exacerbate the immune response. At periodon tal sites, such phenomena could occur. Periodontopathic bacteria induce several cytokines together with TNF It's been shown that of TNF is upregulated in peri odontitis, e. g. in gingival crevicular fluid and in gingival tissues. Hence, periodontopathic bac teria including P.

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