We recognized 90 and 56 miRNAs which had been exclusively expressed during the

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 We recognized 90 and 56 miRNAs which had been exclusively expressed during the  Empty We recognized 90 and 56 miRNAs which had been exclusively expressed during the

Post  jy9202 on Mon Aug 10, 2015 5:29 am

We recognized 90 and 56 miRNAs which had been exclusively expressed during the ovaries of pregnant and non pregnant [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] goats, respectively. Some miRNAs which [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] were not expressed from the ovaries of non pregnant goats had been expressed during pregnancy. MiRNAs typically regulate protein expression by binding to and repressing translation or promoting the degradation of their target mRNAs. The existing research indicated that upregulation of miRNAs during the ovaries of pregnant goats may inhibit the expression of target genes related with follicular de velopment, ovulation and estrogen secretion. thereby inhibiting ovulation and estrogen secretion.

Within the con trary, downregulation of other miRNAs from the ovaries of pregnant goats may well alleviate the repression of target genes associated with luteinization, progesterone secretion and pregnancy servicing.

therefore selling luteinization and progesterone secretion. Despite the fact that much investigation continues to be carried out [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] on miRNAs from the gonads of pigs, cattle and other mammals, analysis of goat ovarian miRNAs has seldom been reported. In former, miR 143 was identified to become by far [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] the most highly expressed miRNA within the testis and ovaries of Holstein cows, and 10 putative miRNA target genes concerned from the GnRH signaling and insulin signaling pathways, which are linked with endocrine program function, had been also identi fied.

Interestingly, in the research, miR 143 was also located for being by far the most really expressed miRNA inside the ovaries of pregnant goats.

[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Target prediction indicated that miR 143 might bind for the Frizzled six and three receptor genes during the Wnt signaling [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] pathway, thereby affecting the binding of Wnt 4 to its receptor. Moreover, prior research have recommended the Wnt four gene, one of many most significant members on the Wnt loved ones, might regulate the function of ovarian granulosa cells and luteal cells by binding to precise members of the Frizzled receptor family. Hence, miR 143 may play a vital purpose in reproduction, which include mammalian gonadal endocrine function and pregnancy servicing.

Other studies have also shown that miR 143 promotes regular adipocyte differentiation and fat depos ition, indicating that miR 143 may possibly perform an import ant position in ordinary mammalian physical growth, as well as mammalian reproduction.

It truly is a challenge to confirm the complicated functions of miRNAs. Within the earlier research, miR 21 exerted an anti apoptotic effect throughout the transformation of ovar ian granulosa cells into luteal cells, and repression of miR 21 expression induced granulosa cell apoptosis and drastically diminished the price of ovulation, through a mechan ism dependent on luteinizing hormone secretion. Also, miR 21 was demonstrated to express at signifi cantly higher levels within the ovaries of Holstein cows com pared for the testis, indicating that miR 21 may well play an essential function in ovarian function. Interestingly, the existing research also showed that miR 21 was substantially upregulated in pregnant goat ovaries, in contrast to non pregnant goat ovaries.

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