Therefore, we explored whether LMP1 regulated transactivation of the cyclin D1

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 Therefore, we explored whether LMP1 regulated transactivation of the cyclin D1  Empty Therefore, we explored whether LMP1 regulated transactivation of the cyclin D1

Post  jy9202 on Mon Feb 10, 2014 8:49 am

Flavonoids inhibit a broad range of protein kinases including PI3K, It was reported that inhibitory activity against PI3K was noted in many flavonoids, among which flavonols showed very strong inhibitory effects, These naturally occurring substances can inhibit PI3K kinase activity and function of ABC transporters by altering ARQ 197 Tivantinib cellular distribution and by competitive block of substrate transport. Therefore, flavonoids and their derivatives could be a promising source of anticancer drugs. resistance. However, effects of other inhibitors of the pathway were not tested in the report, and we suspect that inhibition of P gp mediated drug transport by LY294002 might have been irrelevant to inhibition of the Conclusions In addition to BCRP internalizing effect in stem cells, LY294002 would competitively inhibit transport activity of BCRP.

LY294002 also inhibits transport by P AZD0530 Saracatinib gp and MRP1. Since LY294002 thus exerts versatile inhibitory effects on the ABC transporters that characterize stem cells and cancer stem cells, it can be a lead for developing more effective and tolerable reagent for can cer treatment. On the other hand, LY294002 and its derivatives may cause severe adverse effects by inhibiting many cellular signaling pathways and transporters and or channels simultaneously. Potential side effects should be fully investigated using in vivo models before clinical use. Furthermore, the most intriguing question that remains unresolved is why inhibiting the PI3K Akt path way results in internalization of BCRP in stem cells but not in non stem cells.

Elucidating this point would greatly add much on the strategy of cancer buy Alvocidib chemother apy in the future. Hepatocellular carcinoma is a highly lethal can cer with a poor prognosis. The occurrence of HCC has recently shown a worldwide increase, mainly because of its high metastasis potential, Integrins are heterodimeric transmembrane receptors composed of non covalently associated and B subunits. At least 18 and 8 B subunits have been identified so far, generating more than 24 members of the integrin family. Increasing evidence suggests that integrins are the most important receptors for cell metastasis, Re cently, it has been reported in many researches that in tegrin 6B1 and 6B4 were associated with metastasis of HCC and patients with high levels of expression of integrin 6B1 have a poorer prognosis, Higher levels of expression of integrin 6B4 in patients is associ ated with increased invasive potential of HCC, as well as a higher fatality rate, Integrin 6B1, as an important kind of cell surface receptor, can mediate the adhesion between HCC cells and extracellular matrix, Owens et al.

demonstrates that integrin 6B4 could regulate the migration and invasion of laminin to stimulate the metastasis potential of HCC. However, few research studies have focused on the sin gle action of integrin 6 alone in the progression of HCC metastasis. Furthermore, the metastatic mecha nisms under high levels of expression of integrin 6 are still unclear. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying integrin 6 affecting HCC me tastasis may facilitate the development of targeted therapy. In the current study, in order to explore the effect of integrin 6 in the process of HCC metastasis without the influence of B subunits and the molecular mecha nisms involved, two human HCC cell line, HepG2 and Bel 7402 were transfected with short hairpin RNA targeting human integrin 6.

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