The PI3K Akt mTOR pathway is the most extensively studied and Akt signaling has

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 The PI3K Akt mTOR pathway is the most extensively studied and Akt signaling has Empty The PI3K Akt mTOR pathway is the most extensively studied and Akt signaling has

Post  huwan123456 on Mon May 12, 2014 6:52 am

The results were visualized with horseradish peroxidase conjugated secondary antibodies and enhanced chemiluminescence. CMV standard lysate was used as the positive control. Statistical analysis Data are expressed as mean SD. Fishers exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The non parametric Mann Whitney U test was used for analysis of continuous variables. INNO-406 ic50 Significance of trends in stage distribution was assessed with the Cochran Armitage test for trend. All statistical analyses were two sided, and a P value 0. 05 was considered statistically significant. Results Patient characteristics Tissue samples from 5 follicular adenoma and 40 papil lary thyroid cancer were used in this study after confirm ation of the tissue diagnosis. Patients with follicular adenoma underwent lobectomy.

Patients with papillary thyroid cancer had LBH589 total thyroidectomy and central neck lymph node dissection, with or without lat eral neck dissection. The majority of papil lary thyroid cancer were of classic papillary histotype, whereas four were follicular variant. Lymph node metasta sis was found in 63% of the patients. More than one third of the patients had stage III or IV disease. Six patients had pathologically confirmed Hashimotos thyroiditis. Thyroid itis did not correlate with tumor stage. BRAF mutation of thyroid tumors BRAF mutation was not identified in any of the follicular adenomas and corresponding normal parts of papillary thyroid cancer. About 78% of the papillary thyroid can cers harbored the BRAF mutation.

Half of the cases with follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer were positive for BRAF mutation. Papillary cancer with BRAF mutation was significantly associated with a larger tumor size, extrathyroidal inva sion, lymph node metastasis, and a higher TNM stage. Age was not associated with BRAF mutation. Detection of tissue CMV DNA using conventional オーダー LY2109761 PCR Since CMV enters the latent phase after a primary infec tion with its DNA incorporated into the hosts genome, CMV DNA could be found in tissue DNA extracts of thyroid CMV infection. To investigate whether CMV DNA was present in the thyroid tissue samples, DNA extracted from a total of 45 paired tumorous and adja cent non neoplastic specimens were studied. CMV was not detected by PCR in any of these samples.

Detection of tissue CMV DNA using real time PCR assay To confirm our findings, tissue DNA of thyroid samples was further evaluated using commercial quantitative real time PCR tests. As shown in Figure 1, there was a strong linear relationship between the threshold cycle values and logarithmic DNA inputs. However, no CMV IE DNA could be detected in all tested tissues of follicular adenoma and papillary thyroid cancer. Detection of tissue CMV protein using Western blot Although no CMV DNA could be found in fresh frozen tis sues of follicular adenoma and papillary thyroid cancer, we further determined whether CMV protein was aberrantly expressed in thyroid tumors. In accordance with our afore mentioned results, there was no expression of CMV IE protein in 8 pairs of normal and cancerous thyroid tissues. Discussion The link between chronic inflammation and increased risk of developing some cancers is well established.

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